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“We must trust to nothing but facts: These are presented to us by Nature, and cannot deceive. We ought, in every instance, to submit our reasoning to the test of experiment, and never to search for truth but by the natural road of experiment and observation.” ― Antoine Lavoisier, Elements of Chemistry

Monday, 13 May 2013

Anion - Cation List

simple ions:
Hydride
H-
Oxide
O2-
Fluoride
F-
Sulfide
S2-
Chloride
Cl-
Nitride
N3-
Bromide
Br-
Iodide
I-
Oxoanions:
Arsenate
AsO43-
Phosphate
PO43-
Arsenite
AsO33-
Hydrogen phosphate
HPO42-
Dihydrogen phosphate
H2PO4-
Sulfate
SO42-
Nitrate
NO3-
Hydrogen sulfate
HSO4-
Nitrite
NO2-
Thiosulfate
S2O32-
Sulfite
SO32-
Perchlorate
ClO4-
Iodate
IO3-
Chlorate
ClO3-
Bromate
BrO3-
Chlorite
ClO2-
Hypochlorite
OCl-
Hypobromite
OBr-
Carbonate
CO32-
Chromate
CrO42-
Hydrogen carbonate
or Bicarbonate
HCO3-
Dichromate
Cr2O72-
Anions from Organic Acids:
Acetate
CH3COO-
formate
HCOO-

Others:
Cyanide
CN-
Amide
NH2-
Cyanate
OCN-
Peroxide
O22-
Thiocyanate
SCN-
Oxalate
C2O42-
Hydroxide
OH-
Permanganate
MnO4-

Common Cations: (ions grouped by charge)
Name
Formula
Other name(s)
Ammonium
NH4+
Barium
Ba+2
Calcium
Ca+2
Chromium(II)
Cr+2
Chromous
Chromium(III)
Cr+3
Chromic
Copper(I)
Cu+
Cuprous
Copper(II)
Cu+2
Cupric
Iron(II)
Fe+2
Ferrous
Iron(III)
Fe+3
Ferric
Hydrogen
H+
Hydronium
H3O+
Lead(II)
Pb+2
Magnesium
Mg+2
Manganese(II)
Mn+2
Manganous
Manganese(III)
Mn+3
Manganic
Mercury(I)
Hg2+2
Mercurous
Mercury(II)
Hg+2
Mercuric
Nitronium
NO2+
Strontium
Sr+2
Tin(II)
Sn+2
Stannous
Tin(IV)
Sn+4
Stannic

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